Virginia Creeper

Virginia Creeper

Vitaceae Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia creeper is native to the Central and Eastern North America. It grows as a climbing woody vine or ground cover depending on the availability of sunlight on the ground. It spreads rapid vine growth, colonizes by rooting at the nodes and animal dispersed seeds.

For wildlife the persistent fruits are an important forage for numerous songbirds like Carolina Chickadee, Northern Mockingbird, Gray Catbird, Tree Swallow, American Robin, woodpeckers, and thrushes. Gray squirrels also seek out the fruit. It is also considered a forage for white-tailed deer if not preferred by them. The fruits ripens between August and October.

The vine is sometimes grown as a trellised ornamental.

In fire-adapted ecosystems, Virginia Creeper is often top-killed and can be controlled with repeated burnings.